A chronic skin condition, psoriasis is thought to be caused by a dysfunction of the immune system. The medical condition causes an overproduction of skin cells, which the immune system attacks by mistake. T cells and other white blood cells, such as neutrophils, flow to the affected area of your skin. Dilated blood vessels produce a warm sensation and redness at the site of the lesions. A number of factors can trigger a psoriasis outbreak. While there is no cure, treating psoriasis is possible in a variety of ways based on the severity and extent of your outbreak. After a thorough examination, our doctor will recommend the mildest treatment option first to see how your symptoms respond. Treatment may progress to stronger options based on the results.
Treating psoriasis typically begins with topical creams and ointments that are designed for mild to moderate cases of the condition. These topical treatments may include corticosteroids, vitamin D analogues, salicylic acid and moisturizers that reduce inflammation and relieve itching. They also slow the rate of cell growth. If these products are ineffective, you may also be prescribed oral or injectable medications to slow the progress of the condition. Stronger medications known as biologics can treat some types of moderate to severe psoriasis. These drugs block specific parts of your immune system that help spark the disease.
Other options for treating psoriasis include phototherapy, which uses natural or artificial ultraviolet light, and laser therapy. Phototherapy exposes your skin to a controlled amount of sunlight. Shining ultraviolet light on the areas of skin affected by psoriasis can stop the skin cells from growing too quickly. Our specialist will determine the type and amount of light that you need. Laser therapy utilizes a concentrated beam of light that targets the affected skin without harming the surrounding healthy tissue. These treatments are conducted in our office. Our specialist may also recommend complementary lifestyle changes to reduce risk factors, such as stress, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, that may trigger a psoriasis outbreak.
If you are suffering from psoriasis, the experts at Dermatology Consultants of South Florida can help. We can schedule an appointment for an examination that will help us determine the best treatment option for your individual circumstances. This is also an opportunity to discuss possible treatment side effects and ways to lower your risk factors. Treating psoriasis can enhance the quality of your life by reducing or preventing the occurrence of outbreaks. Contact us at either of our offices in Coral Springs or Sunrise to schedule your consultation and learn more.